Course Description

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.

Unit Titles and DescriptionsTime Allocated
1914-1918: First World War

This unit discusses Canada’s role in the First World War, and how it contributed to Canadian identity. It will address the issues of Canadian sovereignty, French- English relations, and the Aboriginal contribution to the war effort. The unit will also examine how, during this period and because of the war, the economy, the status of women, and immigration policy all changed.

14 hours
1918-1928: The Roaring Twenties?

This unit will address the following questions: How did Canada exert and gain sovereignty during this period? Why is it significant that Canada’s sovereignty was recognized by other nations? How did the political climate of Canada change during this period of time? Why were these changes significant? How did the economic state of regions of Canada, Canada as a whole, and the world, influence events and attitudes in Canada during this time? How have Canadian attitudes towards human rights changed since the 1920s?

15 hours
1929-1938: The Great Depression

This unit examines the ways in which the Great Depression affected Canadians’ daily lives, as well as the changes in Canadian domestic and international policies. This period marks the rise of Socialism, the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, and new social welfare policies. In keeping with the course’s larger themes, this unit also addresses the issue of Canadian identity and sovereignty with the introduction of the Statute of Westminster (1931).

15 hours
1939-1945: Second World War

The Second World War was a major turning point in Canadian (and World) history. WWII was the deadliest conflict in human history. This, in addition to the mass slaughter of civilians during this time, led to massive social, political, and economic changes in Canada, and throughout the world. International organizations were implemented to make sure atrocities, such as the Holocaust, would never occur again. Citizens felt entitled to more rights and a higher standard of living after what they had contributed to their country. This led to the formation of many human rights organizations, and the implementation of new social welfare policies.

15 hours
1946-1967: Challenge and Change

This unit examines in greater depth the social, political and cultural themes from the previous unit. During this era, racist policies were removed from immigration orders, the fight for equal pay for women began in earnest, and status Aboriginals were finally given the right to vote without having to give up being status Aboriginals. Refugees, once turned away from Canada’s borders, entered by the hundreds of thousands. However, despite these improvements to human rights, conflict continued. The Cold War started immediately after WWII between western capitalist democracies and eastern communist dictatorships, both sides testing nuclear bombs in Korea, Vietnam and elsewhere.

15 hours
1968-1983: Canadian Identity

This unit deals with the era in Canada that spans Trudeau’s time as Prime Minister (with an interlude in 1979 of Joe Clark’s premiership). It was a time when Québec nationalism turned to sovereigntism, when the West’s wealth grew rich through hard work in the oil fields, and when Acadians fought for access to the same services as their English compatriots. Canada was forever changed directly by Trudeau’s changes, like his policies on bilingualism, multiculturalism, and environmentalism. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which Canadians celebrate and enjoy to this day, is also a legacy of Trudeau’s government. On the other hand, much of modern history can be seen as a reaction to Trudeau’s policies. The Québec referenda in 1980 and 1995 were held partly in response to Trudeau’s hardline federalism. Civil rights groups still debate his response to terrorism in 1970, and financial analysts still debate his attitude towards the country’s money.

15 hours
1984-2012: Global Context

This unit examines the theme of French-English relations with a discussion of the patriation of the constitution and the failure of the Meech Lake and Charlottetown accords, and the Québec referendum in 1995. It will also study the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the end of the Cold War. With only one super-power left in the world, politics became, in some ways, more complex. The European Union was born; Iraq became an enemy state to the West; Yugoslavia and Rwanda became notorious during periods of intense violence. Undoubtedly, the greatest sea change was the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, and the world’s response to it, which continues to this day.

14 hours
Final Assessments

For this assignment, students will produce a virtual museum (digital or online) exhibit on a specific topic in Canadian history. The exhibit can be presented via website, blog, PowerPoint, Prezi presentation or another media form (to be approved by the student’s teacher). This assignment is worth 10% of the overall grade.

5 hours

This is a proctored exam worth 20% of your final grade.

2 hours
Total110 hours

Resources required by the student:

Note: This course is entirely online and does not require or rely on any textbook.

  • Access to various internet websites for guided research activities

Overall Curriculum Expectations

A. Historical Inquiry and Skill Development
A1Historical Inquiry: use the historical inquiry process and the concepts of historical thinking when investigating aspects of Canadian history since 1914
A2Developing Transferable Skills: apply in everyday contexts skills developed through historical investigation, and identify some careers in which these skills might be useful (
B. Canada, 1914–1929
B1Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments between 1914 and 1929, and assess their significance for different groups in Canada
B2Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyze some key interactions within and between different communities in Canada, and between Canada and the international community, from 1914 to 1929, and how they affected Canadian society and politics
B3Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage: explain how various individuals, organizations, and specific social changes between 1914 and 1929 contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada
C. Canada, 1929–1945
C1Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments between 1929 and 1945, and assess their impact on different groups in Canada
C2Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyze some key interactions within and between communities in Canada, and between Canada and the international community, from 1929 to 1945, with a focus on key issues that affected these interactions and changes that resulted from them
C3Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage: explain how various individuals, groups, and events, including some major international events, contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada between 1929 and 1945
D. Canada, 1945–1982
D1Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments in Canada between 1945 and 1982, and assess their significance for different groups in Canada
D2Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyze some key experiences of and interactions between different communities in Canada, as well as interactions between Canada and the international community, from 1945 to 1982 and the changes that resulted from them
D3Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage: analyze how significant events, individuals, and groups, including Aboriginal peoples, Québécois, and immigrants, contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada between 1945 and 1982
E. Canada, 1982 to the Present
E1Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments in Canada from 1982 to the present, and assess their significance for different groups in Canada
E2Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyze some significant interactions within and between various communities in Canada, and between Canada and the international community, from 1982 to the present, and how key issues and developments have affected these interactions
E3Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage: analyze how various significant individuals, groups, organizations, and events, both national and international, have contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada from 1982 to the present


Teaching & Learning Strategies:

The Canadian and world studies courses will prepare students for a life of responsible citizenship in which they think critically about events, developments and issues in their daily lives. In history courses, the goal is to help students develop a sense of time. At their own pace, students will work towards:

  • developing an understanding of past societies, developments, and events that enables them to interpret and analyze historical, as well as current, issues;
  • analyzing how people from diverse groups have interacted and how they have changed over time;
  • understanding the experiences of and empathizing with people in past societies;
  • developing historical literacy skills by analyzing and interpreting evidence from primary and secondary sources.

Assessment, Evaluation and Reporting Strategies of Student Performance:

Our theory of assessment and evaluation follows the Ministry of Education’s Growing Success document, and it is our firm belief that doing so is in the best interests of students. We seek to design assessments in such a way as to make it possible to gather and show evidence of learning in a variety of ways to gradually release responsibility to the students and to give multiple and varied opportunities to reflect on learning and receive detailed feedback.

Growing Success articulates the vision the Ministry has for the purpose and structure of assessment and evaluation techniques. There are seven fundamental principles that ensure best practices and procedures of assessment and evaluation by ICE teachers. ICE assessments and evaluations,

  • are fair, transparent, and equitable for all students;
  • support all students, including those with special education needs, those who are learning the language of instruction (English or French), and those who are First Nation, Métis, or Inuit;
  • are carefully planned to relate to the curriculum expectations and learning goals and, as much as possible, to the interests, learning styles and preferences, needs, and experiences of all students;
  • are communicated clearly to students and parents at the beginning of the course and at other points throughout the school year or course;
  • are ongoing, varied in nature, and administered over a period of time to provide multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate the full range of their learning;
  • provide ongoing descriptive feedback that is clear, specific, meaningful, and timely to support improved learning and achievement;
  • develop students’ self-assessment skills to enable them to assess their own learning, set specific goals, and plan the next steps for their learning.

The Final Grade:

The evaluation for this course is based on the student’s achievement of curriculum expectations and the demonstrated skills required for effective learning. The final percentage grade represents the quality of the student’s overall achievement of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. A credit is granted and recorded for this course if the student’s grade is 50% or higher. The final grade will be determined as follows:

  • 70% of the grade will be based upon evaluations conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade will reflect the student’s most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration will be given to more recent evidence of achievement.
  • 30% of the grade will be based on final evaluations administered at the end of the course. The final assessment may be a final exam, a final project, or a combination of both an exam and a project.

The Report Card:

Student achievement will be communicated formally to students via an official report card. Report cards are issued at the midterm point in the course, as well as upon completion of the course. Each report card will focus on two distinct, but related aspects of student achievement. First, the achievement of curriculum expectations is reported as a percentage grade. Additionally, the course median is reported as a percentage. The teacher will also provide written comments concerning the student’s strengths, areas for improvement, and next steps. Second, the learning skills are reported as a letter grade, representing one of four levels of accomplishment. The report card also indicates whether an OSSD credit has been earned. Upon completion of a course, ICE will send a copy of the report card back to the student’s home school (if in Ontario) where the course will be added to the ongoing list of courses on the student’s Ontario Student Transcript. The report card will also be sent to the student’s home address.

Program Planning Considerations:

Teachers who are planning a program in this subject will make an effort to take into account considerations for program planning that aligns with the Ontario Ministry of Education policy and initiatives in a number of important areas.


Institute of Canadian Education (ICE), Toronto.

Head Quarters (Toronto)
140 La Rose Ave #201, Etobicoke, ON M9P 1B2
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